Education is the doorway to the wider world and an explosion on rural infrastructure is incomplete without an assessment of the extent to which we have been able to open this door for the children of rural India. We provide, in this chapter, an overview of the education system. The real India lives in villages, this saying is as true today as it was when the country got independence almost 70 years back. As more than half of the population of the country lives in villages, rural development is an eminent factor for the development of our economy. The crucial motivating factor for the development of the economy in today’s time is Education. Like in the body of human being liver is responsible for the proper functioning of the body, in the same way education acts like a backbone for the economy. To explore this significant role of education in India especially in rural India, author tries to explain the failures and problems being faced by the rural education. It also addresses the various initiatives taken by the government. There are broadly four stages of school education in India: namely, primary, upper primary, secondary education (SE), and higher secondary education (HSE). The combination of primary and upper primary schooling is termed elementary education. It is important to note that there is also a programme of pre-school education (for three to six year olds), early childhood care and education (ECCE).

Keywords: Development, Education System, Elementary Education.

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